Population Health Management (PHM) is a term that makes health care providers responsible for developing new skill sets and new infrastructures for delivering care. In the USA, PHM has been around since the implementation of Obamacare, and recently it has managed to attain immense consideration. Its focus is to keep participants healthy and prevent the onset and spread of disease. Under this program, Electronic Health Record (EHR) –alternatively known as Electronic Medical Record- is being used as an essential device which is an integration of patients’ official medical record. Various constituents of a deep-rooted electronic medical records system comprise the software, inter-department synchronization techniques for transferring the data, administrative and structural guidelines within the office for personnel use and recognized plans for continuing education and training by medical staff.
What is Population Health Management by Dr.Ron Parton (Cheif Medical Officer)
A Detailed Overview of its Impacts:
Unquestionably, there are lots of goals to accomplish in this briskly emergent population health space. It means the need for data aggregation, enrollment and care management workflow tools has risen. The preferences are evidently shifting from quantity to quality. Despite these incessant challenges, there have been favorable impacts of this program that include clinical impacts (upgraded quality, diminished number of medical errors), organizational impacts (financial and operational benefits), and societal impacts (improved ability to conduct research, improved population health, lowered costs).
Secondly, approaching to the organizational impacts, both clinical and non-clinical settings have been reflected in the studies. Such outcomes have repeatedly incorporated the augmented revenue, reduced medical costs, and other less noticeable paybacks like improved compliance with respect to legal and regulatory front, advanced research abilities, and an inclined level of job satisfaction among practitioner. Deterred billing errors and better cash flow have originated the upsurge in practical revenues. An effectual EHR system eliminates billing errors or incorrect coding, which will ultimately enhance a care provider’s cash flow and revenue. Moreover, numerous fallen costs carried out by EHR are the due to the effectiveness such as enlarged utilization of tests, minimized staff resources contributed to patient management, lessened expenses relating to equipment required to maintain paper files, decreased transcription costs, and the costs relating to chart pulls.
Primarily, the clinical outcomes have been inspected which include improved quality of care, averted medical errors, and patient safety. From the patient’s perspective, better diagnosis of pre-existing diseases, notable fall in the errors found within the personal record of the patient, proficient and quicker responses from the care providers are the positive dimensions. Furthermore, EHR system attempts to curb some issues such as lack of time during the patient’s visit and health professionals not realizing the right guidelines for the right patient at the right moment. Patient safety has also been central among all other outcomes; it is described as avoiding injuries to the patient from the care delivered to them.Implementation of EHR under the initiation of Health information technology has stirred the practitioners by the same token. The undertaking of quick data transfer from one department to another is genuinely commendable. Another advantage is space and time saving with backing of digital record which eventually increases patients-served-per-day for enhanced productivity. Reduced transcript services costs, advanced electronic prescriptions, and more precise and accurate patient billing procedures are other plus points associated with the modern digital system of EHR. The exhibition of PHM’s accomplishment is evident from a study; it is found that computerized physician reminders accelerate the use of influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations from just about 0% to 35%. Other researches have also revealed that computerized reminders have expanded observance to immunization schedules and plans.
Last but by no means least, improvement attached to the computerized and centralized health record system, a less concrete one, is societal. It has made the ability for conducting researches more enriched. For example, electronic storage of patient’s data multiplied the availability of data which will sooner or later be the ground for more precise quantitative analysis and best authentic practice. In addition, society’s benefit-based researches are being conducted utilizing the electronic data across the population. This data if combined with other determinants of the economy, it can bring un-imaginably worthy inferences.
Summing up the discussion, PHM has and further can renovate the manner healthcare is provided but the benefits cannot be realized unless the technologies like EHR are designed, executed, and used pertinently.